Preparedness

EBOLA Virus Outbreak

Recently the World Health Organization (WHO) has confirmed an Ebola outbreak in Western Africa. Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreaks have a case fatality of up to 90%. EVD is one of the most dangerous diseases with no known vaccine or cure. It is mostly transmitted through close personal contact and exposure to bodily fluids and secretions of an infected person. The countries affected in this outbreak currently include Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Nigeria.

Clients with employees in this region should be aware of preventive measures the Employees may take as well as the signs and symptoms of illness. Awareness is an important protective measure. Some key resources and organizations are provided below.
Human–to–human transmission: direct contact with blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids. In some circumstances "EVD can be transmitted for several weeks after recovery from illness. Contact with objects that have been contaminated with infected secretions can also spread the virus."

Animal–to–human transmission: Ebola is transmitted through close contact with blood, secretions, organs or bodily fluids of infected animals, including the consumption of contaminated meat.

Direct contact with deceased person: Contact with a deceased person infected by EVD can spread the disease.
Normally symptoms will appear between 8 -10 days of exposure. Timely treatment of EVD is important but challenging since the disease is difficult to diagnose clinically in its initial stages as early symptoms such as headache and fever are nonspecific to EVD. If an individual in the affected region suffers from any of these symptoms, they should seek medical care. Common symptoms include the following:
  • Fever
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache
  • Weakness
  • Joint and muscle aches
  • Vomiting
  • Lack of appetite
  • Stomach pain
Some patients may experience: rash, red eyes, hiccups, cough, sore throat, difficulty breathing, difficulty swallowing, bleeding inside and outside body.
  • Avoid physical contact with anyone who has the above symptoms
  • Wash hands thoroughly after exposure to public areas including restrooms, airports or general areas
  • Isolation of sick patient
  • Avoid consumption of animal meat from infected area
  • Disinfection of contaminated places
  • Public awareness
  • Protective clothing for healthcare workers/personnel handling infected patients and animals
Some patients may experience: rash, red eyes, hiccups, cough, sore throat, difficulty breathing, difficulty swallowing, bleeding inside and outside body.
(Since Early 2014)
  • Guinea
  • Liberia
  • Sierra Leone
  • Nigeria
Past Documented Cases:
  • Democratic Republicof Congo (DRC)
  • Gabon
  • South Sudan
  • Ivory Coast
  • Uganda
  • Republic of Congo(ROC)

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MEDICAL TEAM

AVON Insurance Brokers LLC.

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